Cross stitch is a simple form of embroidery. For beginners, it is simple and easy to learn. For experts, it can be used to sew realistic and complex patterns.
Cross stitch looks like a simple “x”. It is made by sewing 2 cross lines like this image from LadyAda:
Sewing many “x”s in a row gives a pattern.
Outline of a shape is first traced on the cloth, and then rows of “x”s are sewn together to fill this outline.
These “x”s are stitched with threads in many colors, instead of a single color. The shape of “x” can also be changed to form interesting patterns as seen in this Needlepoint sampler.
Cross stitch is usually stitched on Aida cloth. Aida cloth is loosely woven. It’s holes make it easy for sewing cross stitch. Other fabrics like hemp, cotton etc that have equally spaced holes are also suitable for cross stitch.
It is sew small and detailed patterns on textiles and dresses. By coordinating colors of threads, even small patterns appear realistic. This apple pattern on kitchen towel is from the Etsy shop, Gabees Crafts.
Cross stitch is one of the oldest forms of embroidery. It is so wide spread since centuries that it’s roots can be found across the world. Different regions of Asia and Europe have their own historical patterns of cross stitch.
If you are interested in learning embroidery, cross stitch is the most easy and simple stitch to get started. Happy stitching.